Emotion: A Very Short Introduction

Emotion: A Very Short Introduction

Dylan Evans

Language: English

Pages: 156

ISBN: 0192804618

Format: PDF / Kindle (mobi) / ePub

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friends who are feeling down, we all naturally find ourselves trying to talk them out of it. We also naturally administer the same linguistic medicine to ourselves, whispering silent words of encouragement to ourselves when we are low. Cognitive therapy, a form of psychotherapy pioneered by Aaron Beck in the 1960s, is based on just this kind of internal monologue. While cognitive therapy may be original in the way it tries to formalize this process, the practice of talking oneself up is probably

since the supermarket bosses do not want you to feel fulfilled by the music itself. Rather, they hope that the music will put you in a relaxed mood, which will in turn make you more sensitive to happiness-inducing thoughts, such as the anticipated pleasure of consuming an expensive chocolate cake. Among the little scientific research that has been done in this area, one intriguing finding is that many compositions by Mozart, such as Eine kleine Nachtmusik, reliably produce good moods in those

regularly come together to dance and take drugs. The party may well be the ultimate short cut to happiness. Chapter 4 The head and the heart Basic emotions are not always present, and most if not all higher cognitive emotions are fairly transient states too. For much, perhaps most, of the time, we are not in the grip of fear, nor swooning with love. In this neutral frame of mind, we can usually think quite logically. We are clear-headed and can spot bad arguments relatively easily.

1996), on which I have drawn heavily in writing Chapter Four. For a historical perspective, see the book on rhetoric by Aristotle, Plato’s Gorgias, and volume 6 of the Institutio Oratoria by Quintillian. The stoics had surprisingly modern things to say about this topic, as Richard Sorabji argues in Emotion and Peace of Mind: From Stoic Agitation to Christian Temptation (Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2000). Most of the material referred to in Chapter Four takes the form of articles published

second later. In other words, the same basic emotions were felt by both the Americans and the Japanese. These biological responses were automatic, beyond voluntary control. Only after consciousness caught up, a few hundred milliseconds later, could the learned display rules be imposed on top of the basic biological response. The inscrutable oriental, then, is concealing not radically different emotions, but the very same emotions as those felt by all other human beings the world over. The

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