Dictionary of Anthropology
Format: PDF / Kindle (mobi) / ePub
A comprehensive resource of anthropology.
strings of the Western harp and thus tune them accurately. harpoon. A barbed assegai (q.v.) used in hunting. It consists of a head with its blade, shank, and tang or socket, a foreshaft, shaft, butt, and wings, and a line attached to the harpooner. The head of the shaft remains in the animal after impact, and the shaft itself usually floats away. The earliest harpoons have a stem with a suggestion of barbs on both sides. The next stage showed well-made barbs on one side of the stem.
which the spirit of a deity was supposed to be present at all times. Napiwa. An anthropomorphic (q.v.) white god among the Blackfoot. nardoo. A plant whose seeds are ground and made into a cake by the Australian aborigines. narrowing. The process by which a word that formerly represented a general class refers only to special cases of that class. It is often found when a word is taken over by one language from another. Thus, the French cérise (“cherry”) in English is applied to the color only,
the patu. pawang. A Malay expert in magic. The pawang has a wide variety of functions, offers advice on almost every projected activity and on the weather, and maintains contact with extranatural forces. payak. The soul among the Chaco Indians. paygun. The innate powers of the Hindu gods. payment, marriage. See PRICE, BRIDE. peace, king’s. The act of a king in prohibiting private vengeance in his own household. The king’s peace may in time extend to his whole kingdom. The degree to which it
significant because it is often assumed that the object was made near where it was found. The stratigraphy and horizontal position of a find are part of the context. continence, ritual. A couple’s refraining from sexual intercourse for religious or similar reasons. continental bridge hypothesis. See HYPOTHESIS, CONTINENTAL BRIDGE. continental drift hypothesis. See HYPOTHESIS, CONTINENTAL DRIFT. continuant. A consonant (q.v.) made by partial obstruction to the outgoing air, e.g., m, v, so that
vegetation or animal life and few water sources. Some gardening is possible near oases. desert, hamada and erg. A desert consisting of rocky plateaus with only slight relief, sometimes with some sand-filled basins. desert, mountain and bolson. A desert in which there are either scattered ranges or mountains separated by fairly substantial basins. detection, louse. The study of the relations among given animal species through tracing the kinds of lice carried by them. determinant. An